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Buses

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Central Bus Network Planning

As the central planner for the bus network, LTA aims to improve journey quality for as many commuters as possible, better integrate public transport mode and services, and strengthen the current hub-and-spoke model, while ensuring overall financial viability of the bus network. LTA takes a gradual and consultative approach with the community before deciding on making changes to the existing bus network.

Bus Service Enhancement Programme

Under the Bus Service Enhancement Programme (BSEP), the Government has partnered the bus operators to significantly increase bus capacity and enhance bus service levels to benefit commuters to grow the bus fleet by 35% within five years, with the Government contributing 1,000 buses by 2017.

The BSEP will add a total of 80 new services, many of which will be feeder or short trunk services to serve new HDB developments to connect residents to major transport nodes such as MRT stations and community and commercial facilities in the neighbourhood. Besides enhanced connectivity, bus frequencies will also be improved to reduce the feeder waiting time to 6-8 minutes during peak periods, and reduce bus loading.

 

Transition to Bus Contracting for the Public Bus Industry

The public bus industry had fully transited to the bus contracting model in 2016.

Complementing its bus planning role, under the new model, LTA will contract operators to run bus services through a competitive tendering process. LTA will determine the bus services to be provided and the service standards, and bus operators will bid for the right to operate these services. Operators who are awarded the contracts will be paid fees to operate the services, while fare revenue will be retained by the Government.

Over time, the Government will also own all bus infrastructure, such as depots, as well as operating assets such as buses and the fleet management system. This will lower the barriers of entry to the market, attract more bus operators, and facilitate any transitions from incumbent operators to new operators.

Building on the improvements made under the BSEP, commuters stand to benefit from even more responsive bus services and higher service levels under the new model. During peak periods, all buses will be scheduled to arrive every 15 minutes or less, with at least half of these scheduled to arrive every 10 minutes or less. Besides strengthening the Government's ability to respond more quickly to changes in travel demand and service level expectations, bus contracting will also promote greater efficiency among operators as they now have to compete for the right to run the services. These will lead over time to provision of better bus services in a cost-competitive manner.

Bus Priority Schemes

Roads take up 12% of our land area today. With limited road space and a growing population, there is a need to optimise public transport to efficiently carry and move more people. Therefore, it is important to enhance the speed and reliability of our bus system.

Surveys by LTA have shown that the two most important aspects of the bus journey for commuters are waiting time and travelling time. To improve, LTA has been expanding the coverage of normal and full-day bus lanes, expanding the mandatory give-way-to-buses scheme to give buses a greater right of way along busy roads, and increasing the number of bus hubs to reduce the time buses spend at bus stops to shorten waiting and boarding times for commuters, improving overall journey times.