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Expanding Our Rail Network

The size of our rail network will increase from about 230 km today, to about 360 km in 2030, so that it can reach more people and places. That will make the rail network density comparable to rail density in London and New York City and higher than that of Tokyo and Hong Kong today. More households will be served directly by the rail network, and about 8 in 10 households will be within a 10-minute walk of a train station.

The rail network will be denser both within and outside the city. Almost everyone who lives or works in the city will be able to walk to an MRT station within five minutes. More areas outside the city, such as West Coast, Loyang, Jurong Industrial Estate and Punggol North, will also be connected to the rail network.

The denser network will also provide more options and alternative travel routes to enhance the convenience of rail travel, and improve the network's resilience in the event of a disruption.

Operating Performance Standards

LTA has put in place a suite of Operating Performance Standards (OPS) to safeguard the service levels of the rail network. We will continue to evolve our regulatory framework, including tightening the OPS where necessary, to ensure that they remain relevant to our needs.

In 2015, LTA put in place tighter OPS which includes improved frequencies such that commuters can expect a 25% shorter wait for trains during peak periods, and tightening the reliability standards to track severe service degradation incidents and cumulative delays. With the tightened standards, commuters can expect fewer delays and more reliable journeys.

New Rail Financing Framework (NRFF)

It is important to ensure that the financing framework facilitates the expansion and enhancement in quality of our rail network in a financially sustainable manner. A sound financing framework is necessary to ensure prudent use of government funds as we implement more rail lines.

The Rapid Transit Systems Act was amended in 2010, to allow the implementation of a NRFF. This framework is an integral part of the Government's effort to enhance the quality, reliability and sustainability of our rail system.

The NRFF was first implemented in 2011 for the Downtown Line operated by SBST Ltd, and subsequently extended to the North-South and East-West Lines, Circle Line and Bukit Panjang LRT, which are operated by SMRT Trains Limited, in 2016. The transition of the North East Line (NEL) and Sengkang-Punggol LRT (SPLRT) to the NRFF in 2018 completed the transition of the entire rail network to NRFF.

With all our existing rail lines now on the NRFF, the Government will be able to plan network capacity holistically and improve rail capacity for Singaporeans in a timely manner. Commuters will also benefit from higher-quality rides and a system that is more responsive to their needs.

The new framework also increases contestability in the rail sector, which can help to spur greater efficiency and productivity improvements.