The size of our rail network will increase to about 360km in 2030 to reach more people and places. This is similar to the density of rail network in New York and London. The denser network will also provide more options and alternative travel routes for commuters who use public transport.
Since the start of train operations on 7 November 1987 with just five MRT station on the North-South Line, we have expanded the coverage of our rail network, building more lines and stations. In the coming decade, we will further expand our rail network at an unprecedented rate, as we progressively open the rest of the Thomson-East Coast Line, the Jurong Region Line, Cross Island Line, North East Line extension and close the loop of the Circle Line.
By the 2030s, about 8 in 10 households will be within 10-minute walk of a train station.
The North-South and East-West Lines (NSEWL) are our oldest and most heavily utilised rail lines in the network. To ensure that both lines continue to be safe, reliable, and efficient, the Land Transport Authority (LTA) has completed renewals of their
sleepers, third rail and signalling systems. It is now upgrading the track circuit and power systems. From 2022, more than half of its existing trains will be progressively replaced.
The North East Line (NEL) runs some of our oldest driverless MRT trains. These trains are currently undergoing a mid-life upgrade, which will refresh the train interiors, decrease maintenance downtime and minimise the risk of possible delays which arise from train faults due to equipment failure. The mid-life upgrading works was started in 2019, and is targeted to be completed by 2024.
All 19 first-generation trains on the Bukit Panjang LRT (BPLRT) will be replaced between 2022 and 2024, with new trains that are equipped with better system redundancy and condition monitoring systems. The power supply and signalling systems will also be replaced to improve reliability and maintainability from the use of new parts. These works are expected to be completed by 2023 and 2024 respectively.
Another 17 new Sengkang-Punggol LRT (SPLRT) two-car trains will also be purchased to better meet long-term public transport demand in Sengkang and Punggol towns. They are expected to be delivered progressively from 2024 to 2027.
Learn more about the various renewal works in our rail network.
Rail reliability will continue to be a top priority. Since 2019, we have achieved and maintained our target of 1 million Mean Kilometres Between Failure (MKBF), making us one of the leading metro systems worldwide.
This centre, which will be located at the site of the former Raffles Country Club, will support the testing and commissioning of trains and railway systems for both new and existing rail lines. The first of its kind in Southeast Asia, the centre will be able to host testing round-the-clock.
This reduces the need for testing on the active train lines, hence freeing up time and space for maintenance work on the mainline during limited engineering hours and minimising interruptions to train services during operational hours. The centre’s test tracks are designed to be interoperable and can accommodate all types of trains and railway systems used across the rail network.
Learn more about the ITTC.
Under the NRFF framework, which was first implemented in 2011, LTA took over the ownership of operating assets, such as trains and signalling systems, from the public transport operators. As the asset owner, LTA can ensure timely investments in capacity expansion and the replacement and upgrading of operating assets.
The rail operators, relieved of responsibilities of asset ownership, can then focus on operations and maintenance of the rail network and providing reliable rail services for commuters. Adjustments were also made to the licensing periods, profit and risk sharing arrangements, as well as the regulatory regime, to enhance the contestability, sustainability and reliability of our rail system.
Learn more about the NRFF.