Sustainability is an important agenda for Singapore, and we will do our part in reducing emissions of the land transport system. Emissions attributed to the land transport sector peaked in 2016.
Since then, we have been and will continue to reduce the sector's emissions by encouraging the use of public transport and active mobility and transitioning to a cleaner-energy vehicle population. We aim to reduce 2016 emissions by 80 per cent by or around mid-century.
A significant needle-mover to reduce emissions from the land transport sector is to go car-lite by encouraging the use of Walk-Cycle-Ride modes of transport. To further reduce emissions, we are taking further steps to green our public transport operations.
We hope to raise the mass public transport modal share during peak hour to 75 per cent by 2030.
Our rail lines and stations are built with environmental sustainability in mind. For example, the Circle Line and Downtown Line have been awarded the BCA Green Mark GoldPLUS certification for their environmentally-friendly features. The Building and Construction Authority (BCA), in consultation with the Land Transport Authority (LTA), also introduced the BCA Green Mark for Transit Stations. Canberra was the first station to be awarded the Green Mark for Transit Stations Platinum award, in 2019.
Since 2020, all new public bus purchases are cleaner energy buses, including electric or hybrid buses. We aim to gradually replace all existing diesel buses with cleaner energy buses by 2040, so that the public can enjoy quieter commutes and cleaner air.
Electric vehicles generate half the carbon emissions of internal combustion engine vehicles. They also generate less ambient noise. To pave the way for greener vehicles, we will cease new diesel car and taxi registrations from 2025, and require all new
car and taxi registrations to be of cleaner-energy models from 2030. This includes hybrids, battery electric cars, and hydrogen fuel cell cars.
In addition, taxi and private-hire vehicle companies have pledged to make their fleets run on cleaner energy by 2040. Some have gone even further; for example, SMRT’s Strides Taxi, with about 1,800 hybrid cars, has pledged to have a full electric car fleet by 2026.
Besides regulations to limit the ownership and usage of private vehicles to ease the pressure on road space, more specific measures are also in place to prompt more people to shift to using cleaner fuels.
Fine particulate matter known as PM2.5 can penetrate deep into the lungs and have been linked to respiratory and cardiovascular illnesses. To reduce the PM2.5 level of the air in Singapore, the Early Turnover Scheme was introduced in April 2013 to incentivise the early replacement of more pollutive diesel vehicles, by offering owners of older diesel commercial vehicles a discount on the price they would need to pay for a COE. These drivers also do not have to bid for a replacement COE under this scheme, which was further enhanced in August 2017.
Electric vehicles (EVs) will comprise the bulk of our vehicle population in the coming years. To support EV adoption, we aim to deploy 60,000 EV charging points across Singapore by 2030, comprising 40,000 in public car parks and 20,000 in private premises.
We are working towards building a liveable and sustainable city where walking and cycling become more common commuting choices. To encourage Active Mobility, we are building around 1,300km of cycling paths islandwide by 2030 under Islandwide Cycling Network (ICN) Programme. We will also repurpose suitable stretches of road into wider footpaths, cycling paths, or bus lanes, to better support cycling and walking.