Sustainability is an important agenda for Singapore, and we will do our part in reducing emissions of the land transport system. Emissions attributed to the land transport sector peaked in 2016.
Since then, we have been and will continue to reduce the sector's emissions by encouraging the use of public transport and active mobility and transitioning to a cleaner-energy vehicle population. We have committed to significantly reduce land transport emissions in absolute terms, in alignment with Singapore's 2050 net zero emissions target.
A significant needle-mover to reduce emissions from the land transport sector is to go car-lite by encouraging the use of Walk Cycle Ride modes of transport. To further reduce emissions, we are taking further steps to green our public transport operations.
We hope to raise the mass public transport modal share during peak hour to 75 per cent by 2030, and Walk Cycle Ride modes to make up 90 per cent of peak period journeys by 2040.
Our rail lines and stations are built with environmental sustainability in mind. For example, the Circle Line and Downtown Line have been awarded the BCA Green Mark GoldPLUS certification for their environmentally-friendly features. The Building and Construction Authority (BCA), in consultation with the Land Transport Authority (LTA), also introduced the BCA Green Mark for Transit Stations. Canberra was the first station to receive the Green Mark for Transit Stations Platinum award, in 2019.
Since 2020, all new public bus purchases are cleaner energy buses, including electric or hybrid buses. By 2030, we expect half of our public buses to be electric, an almost 50-fold increase from the 60 electric buses deployed today. As part of the Land Transport Master Plan 2040, we aim to gradually replace all existing diesel buses with cleaner energy buses by 2040, so that the public can enjoy quieter commutes and cleaner air.
Besides regulations to limit the ownership and usage of private vehicles to ease the pressure on road space, measures are also in place to prompt more people to shift to using cleaner fuels.
Our vision is for all vehicles to run on cleaner energy by 2040. New registrations of diesel cars and taxis will be banned from 2025, and all new registrations of cars and taxis will be of cleaner energy models from 2030.
Alongside the decarbonisation of the power grid, the electrification of vehicles will be a key measure to green our land transport sector. To support electric vehicle (EV) adoption, we are putting in place policies and measures, including to provide tax incentives, strengthen regulations and standards, and expand the EV charger network.
We are working towards building a liveable and sustainable city where walking and cycling become more common commuting choices. To encourage Active Mobility, we are building around 1,300km of cycling paths islandwide by 2030 under Islandwide Cycling Network (ICN) Programme. We will also repurpose suitable stretches of road into wider footpaths, cycling paths, or bus lanes, to better support cycling and walking.